Water is an important necessity in our everyday life. Without water, life is difficult and impossible. Every household needs potable and clean water for different purposes. With clean and potable water, everyone’s health and welfare are protected, making life easier and more enjoyable.
When shopping for a water system, you may get yourself confused to see different kinds of water purifying systems. Some of the most common types of these products include water softeners, water filters and water conditioners. Buying one for your home can be a way perplexing so it really pays to have a thorough understanding about how each one works. In the end, you will know which of the aforementioned products work best for you.
A home water softener system is considered as a kind of water conditioning device. It is a type of system which forces hard water and exchanges magnesium and calcium ions for potassium and sodium ions through a cation bed. Through this process, softer water is produced and something which is more desirable for home consumption.
How does a water softener rated? It’s plain and simple. A water softener system is basically rated by way of grain capacity. Grain capacity is a specific type of measurement which refers to the capability of the machine or unit to eliminate a particular number or amount of grains which mainly speaks of hardness of the water which is being produced by a household’s water supply.
A water softener’s capacity mainly depends on the amount of sodium or salt which is utilized to regenerate it. In addition to this, an assortment of various design factors like the rate of flow regeneration also affects the performance or capacity of a water softener. Every household needs a water softener to enjoy the following advantages:
- Amount of soap and other household cleaning products is greatly reduced
- Excellent for laundry and garment care
- Great for dishwashing and cleaning glassware
- Perfect for showering and bathing
- Prevents scaling on piping and plumbing
- Effective stain eliminator on sinks, tubs, showers and faucet fixtures
This kind of water system removes impurities from water through a fine barrier, a biological procedure or a chemical procedure. A water filter is widely used all over the world to render various extents of purposes such as for swimming pools, ponds, aquariums, irrigation and drinking water.
There are various kinds of methods which are commonly used during a filtration process and these include:
- Biological Metabolite Transfer
- Ion Exchanges
- Sieving, etc.
There are actually different types of water filters and they are as follows:
- Media filters
- Disk filters
- Screen filters
- Slow sand filter beds
- Rapid sand filters
- Cloth filters
- Biological filters like an algae scrubber
Households in many different parts of the world make use of granular-activated carbon water filters or GAC and they are widely used for metallic alloy filtering, carbon filtering, micro-porous ceramic filtering, carbon block resin, micro and ultra-filtration membranes. There are water filters which make use of two or more filtration methods such as the multi-barrier filtration system. On the other hand, jug filters are used for smaller quantities of potable water.
Point-of-use micro-filter devices are usually installed directly to the water source or outlet to protect users against pseudomonas, nontuberculous mycobacteria, legionella, escherichia coli and other forms of harmful water pathogens.
So what is the purpose of a water conditioner? Basically, a water conditioner works to eliminate the excessive calcium and magnesium ions in a household’s water supply. This process entails the replacement of calcium and magnesium ions with sodium or salt ions. If the water in your household is filled with different types of minerals like calcium and magnesium and they simply come in excess, your water is simply categorized as hard water.
“Hard” is a condition of water which is difficult and not good to use for certain types of household purposes such as washing and cooking. Calcium and magnesium leave deposits on pots and the interior portions of your pipes and water heater, thereby creating clogging problems over time. Hard water also keeps soap from creating good lather, creating a sticky substance which is hard to rinse. With a water conditioner, such problems are greatly eliminated due to the replacement of problematic ions with useful and harmless sodium.
A water conditioner allows water to run through it, specifically through its special type of plastic beads or zeolite which is commonly found inside a water conditioning tank. Either of the two aforementioned substances is filled with salt ions which usually work to replace any calcium or magnesium ions that pass through it. And once the water goes out of your water outlet, the annoying characteristics of hard water are already greatly removed.